Critical Server Management Tips

 

If the server is running out of memory !!!

Linux memory management tries to minimize disk access. To do this it will use any unused ram to cache, this is because reading from disk is slow compared to reading from memory. When the cache is used up the data that has been there the longest is freed, theoretically data that is used often will not be removed whilst data that is no longer needed slowly gets moved out of the cache. When an application needs memory the kernel should reduce the size of the cache and free up memory. This is why people sometimes get confused when using the free command, since linux uses memory for cache it can appear to the untrained eye that most of the memory has been used up. This is in fact normal; it’s when the server can no longer free memory from the cache that problems occur.

Freeing cache memory therefore does not usually make your computer faster, but the converse, linux becomes slower having to re read information to the cache. Ironic then that some of the latest distro’s of linux, namely SUSE and Mandriva seem to have forgotten this, there are numerous reports of these, and other linux distro’s, deciding cached memory is too important to free up for actual processes. Luckily a solution was added in kernel 2.6.16 allowing us to free cached memory by writing to /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches. There are three options depending on what you need to do, clean the cache, free dentries and inodes, and free cache, dentries and inodes, we run sync first to ensure all cached objects are freed as this is a non-destructive operation and dirty objects are not freed:

To free cache enter:

sync; echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

dentries and inodes :

sync; echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

pagecache, dentries and inodes:

sync; echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

source 

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